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Camel research in tropical developing countries. From an individual animal-oriented research to a commodity system approach

Bonnet P., Faye B.. 1998. Addis-Abéba : CIRAD-EMVT, 13 p.. International Seminar on Camel Applied Research and Development, 1998-08-10/1998-08-11, Bikaner (Inde).

After taking stock of the situation and experience assembled recently by CIRAD-EMVT-UCEC and its partners regarding camel science the authors propose to discuss research hypothesis and methodologies (in bio-sciences, socio-economics) to be developed for the future. New stakes in specific camel farming systems are also discussed to be targeted for the near future. In addition since there is a new and particular interest in periurban economy ( feeding the cities ) and environmental sciences (ecology, biodiversity, agro-ecosystem's health), the place of the camel's science is thus discussed in order to achieve its promotion. Meanwhile an approach of scientific group management and of the contribution of different kinds of collaborators (collaborators including: universities, ARI's, NARSs, NGO's, Farmers associations) is documented as well as a justification of the use of some analytical tools (logical framework, SWOT, Commodity matrix). Networking could lead to cost-efficient exchanges of scientific outputs and information's. Interests for training and institutional development are thus exposed leading to demonstrate how and why international technology should be transferred from ARI's to NARS (publications of scientific papers, journal, workshops , information and outreach, share of costs), from NARS to other NARS and to the private sector (companies, farmers) in order to achieve sectoral camel development through research. These mechanisms are demonstrated with some examples with expected impacts of some operational research products on direct recipients and ultimate beneficiaries, (i.e. immediate impact of camel research on animal productivity, environment, biodiversity knowledge, social- economic factors in pastoral economy, and international trade) as well as longer-term impacts expected to be realised 5 -10 years downstream.

Mots-clés : dromadaire; recherche; génétique; Élevage; santé animale; production; inde

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