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Hairy root nodulation of Casuarina glauca : a system for the study of symbiotic gene expression in an actinorhizal tree

Diouf D., Gherbi H., Prin Y., Franche C., Duhoux E., Bogusz D.. 1995. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 8 (4) : p. 532-537.

The purpose of this study was to establish a fast system for producing transgenic actinorhizal root nodules of Casuarina glauca. Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain A4RS carrying the p35S-gusA-int gene construct was used to induce hairy roots on hypocotyls of 3-week-old C. glauca seedlings. Three weeks after wounding, the original root system was excised, and composite plants consisting of transgenic roots on untransformed shoots were transferred to test tubes to be inoculated with Frankia. The actinorhizal nodules formed on transformed roots had the nitrogenase activity and morphology of untransformed nodules. B-GIucuronidase (GUS) activity was examined in transgenic roots and nodules by fluorometric and histochemical assays. The results indicate that transgenic nodules generated with this root transformation system could facilitate the molecular study of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in actinorhizal trees. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : nodosité racinaire; gène

Thématique : Biologie du sol

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