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Extreme polyphagy of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera : Anphididae) during the dry season in northern Cameroon

Deguine J.P., Martin J., Leclant F.. 1999. Insect Science and its Application, 19 (1) : p. 23-36.

DOI: 10.1017/S1742758400016556

The host plant spectrum of Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera:Aphididae) was assessed from 1991 to 1994 in the cotton-growing zone of northern Cameroon. The aphid is generally present on cotton (Gossypium liirsittum L.) and okra (Abelmoschus escukntus (L.) Moench) during the rainy season. During the dry season on the other hand, A. gossypii is observed on a very wide range of plants (63 families, 192 genera and 302 species). During this season, all types of plants, especially legumes, dry-season crops and various types of trees, are colonised. From the representativeness of the sampled plant species within the cotton zone of Cameroon, it is concluded that a part of the A. gossypii population survives the dry season in the Sudano-Sahelian African zone, thus forming numerous reservoirs scattered among plants and in very varied habitats.

Mots-clés : gossypium hirsutum; insecte nuisible; aphis gossypii; hôte; cameroun

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