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Vegetative propagation studies of gum arabic trees. 1 - Propagation of Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. using lignified cuttings of small diameter with eight nodes

Badji S., Ndiaye I., Danthu P., Colonna J.P.. 1991. Agroforestry Systems, 14 (3) : p. 183-191.

DOI: 10.1007/BF00115734

In order to study and monitor rates of rooting, callusing and survival, small diameter stem cuttings (less than 0.4 cm) with eight nodes (12¿14 cm long) were taken from trees in the field at different times of the year in tests with small batches of cuttings. Among the four tested substrates, well drained crushed basalt powder placed on a bed of gravel was the best rooting medium. Rooting was generally poor or even non-existent with this type of cutting, but the presence of leaves both promoted rooting and significantly (using Chi square test) improved survival of the cutting. Four leaves were sufficient to assure the necessary metabolic functions. Only stem cuttings collected during the rainy season gave roots and then, only when hormonal treatments were applied to the cuttings. 8%-IBA resulted in significantly better rooting than did 2%-IBA, 0.2%-NAA and 1%-IAA. With 8%-IBA, the rate of rooting varied between 50 and 70% for leafy cuttings collected in the rainy season. Hormonal treatments had a significant effect on the survival rate of the stem cuttings during the two months observation period. Further investigations are being conducted with different types of cuttings.

Mots-clés : multiplication végétative; bouturage; tige; bouture; enracinement; substrat de culture; substance de croissance végétale; acacia senegal; sénégal; sahel

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