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Production of improved oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) planting materials from seed and clonal methods

Jacquemard J.C., Durand-Gasselin T.. 1999. In : Rajanaidu Nookiah (ed.), Jalani B.S. (ed.). Proceedings of the Symposium on the Science of Oil Palm Breeding, 30 June 1992 - 2 July 1992, Montpellier, France. Kuala Lumpur : PORIM, p. 112-130. Symposium on the Science of Oil Palm Breeding, 1992-06-30/1992-07-02, Montpellier (France).

After a brief history of the production of improved planting materials and accounts of the most commonly used techniques in oil palm breeding, the principles and practical details of three production methods are given: seed production, biclonal seed production and clone production. Their outputs are analyzed by the following criteria - investment, reproduction security, response time and actual improvement obtained cloning to produce planting materials is the most effective in both production and economic terms.

Mots-clés : elaeis guineensis; production de semences; clonage

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