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DMRT1 expression during gonadal differentiation and spermatogenesis in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss

Marchand O., Govoroun M., D'Cotta H., McMeel O.M., Lareyre J.J., Bernot A., Laudet V., Guiguen Y.. 2000. Biochimica and Biophysica Acta, N. Gene structure and Expression, 1493 (1-2) : p. 180-187.

DOI: 10.1016/S0167-4781(00)00186-X

DMRT1 has been suggested to be the first conserved gene involved in sex differentiation found from invertebrates to human. To gain insight on its implication for fish gonadal differentiation, we cloned a DMRT1 homologue in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (rtDMRT1), and showed that this gene is expressed during testicular differentiation, but not during ovarian differentiation. After 10 days of steroid treatment, expression was shown to be decreased in estrogen-treated male differentiating gonads but not to be restored in androgentreated differentiating female gonads. This clearly reinforces the hypothesis of an important implication for DMRT1 in testicular differentiation in all vertebrates. In the adults a single 1.5 kb transcript was detected by Northern blot analysis in the testis, and its expression was found to be sustained throughout spermatogenesis and declined at the end of spermatogenesis (stage VI). Along with this expression in the testis we also detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction a slight expression in the ovary. We also obtained new DM-domain homologous sequences in fish, and their analysis suggest that at least four different genes bearing 'DM-domain' (DMRT genes) exist in fish just as in all vertebrate genomes.

Mots-clés : genitalia; spermatogénèse; clonage; biochimie; oncorhynchus mykiss

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