Publications des agents du Cirad


Accompanying governing processes in land use management with linking role playing games, GIS and MAS : The Self Cormas experiment in the Senegal river valley

D'Aquino P., Le Page C., Bousquet F.. 2001. In : LUCC Project, CIPEC, CSISS. Special Workshop on Agent-based Models of Land Use and Land Cover Change, Irvine, United-States, 2001 October 4-7. s.l. : s.n., 19 p.. Special Workshop on Agent-based Models of Land Use and Land Cover Change, 2001-10-04/2001-10-07, Irvine (Etats-Unis).

For several years Multi-Agent Systems have been used in the field of natural and renewable resource management. As agricultural and environmental issues are more and more interlinked, the increasing multiplicity of stakeholders, with differing and often conflicting land use representations and strategies, underlines the need for innovative methods and tools to support their coordination, mediation and negotiation processes aiming at an improved, more decentralized and integrated natural resources management (INRM). How can these new tools be involved in such a process, i.e., how can they help actors to govern the land ? We are seeking to develop a accompanying approach using of multi-agent systems. CORMAS is a multi-agent simulation platform specially designed for this sort of support and we have conducted participatory modeling experiments through the joint use of MAS models and other modeling tools (specially GIS and role playing games). Several experiments have been conduct in Europe, Africa and South Eastern Asia, specially about scheme irrigated management, natural resources and land use management. The main objective of these researches is to study the use of these tools for knowledge integration in collective learning processes focusing on INRM issues. As regards of LUCC management, our longer experiment is called "Self Cormas", which has been under way since 1997 in the Senegal River valley. In support of a local decentralization policy, the aim is to test tools (maps, GIS, simulations, role-play,...) that will help local principals to improve their empowerment on planning decisions about sustainable land use management. The main objective was to test direct modeling design of tools (GIS, MAS) by stakeholders right from the initial stages, with as little prior design work by the modeler as possible. This "self design" experiment was organized in the form of participatory workshops including role playing games, which lead on discussions, appraisals, and even decisions about planning land use management, already applied two years after the first workshops.

Mots-clés : modèle; simulation; système d'information géographique; gestion des ressources; gestion foncière; décentralisation; prise de décision; planification; fleuve sénégal; sénégal; système multiagents

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