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Efficient microprojectile bombardment-mediated transformation of rice using gene cassettes

Breitler J.C., Labeyrie A., Meynard D., Legavre T., Guiderdoni E.. 2002. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 104 (4) : p. 709-719.

DOI: 10.1007/s00122-001-0786-z

This study was aimed at determining whether gene cassettes (promoter-coding sequence-terminator) can be efficiently used in microprojectile acceleration-mediated co-transformation of rice in the place of whole plasmids, and to what extent their use influences the integration and expression of the co-transferred gene of interest. Two non-linked marker genes (yfp and hph) were co-introduced by microprojectile bombardment into cells of embryogenic calli in three separate experiments. Three different DNA structures were compared for their ability to transiently and stably transform rice cells: supercoiled or linearized whole-plasmid DNA, gene cassette DNA and single-stranded gene cassette DNA coated with Escherichia coli single-stranded binding (SSB) proteins. Our results demonstrate that microprojectile bombardment-mediated transformation of rice using gene cassettes is possible without significantly reducing transformation efficiency in comparison to the use of whole-plasmid DNA. Furthermore, no obvious difference in transgene integration pattern and inheritance was observed among plants transformed with gene cassettes compared to those transformed with the whole plasmid, except that concatemerization of molecules prior to integration was rarely observed in gene cassette transformants.

Mots-clés : oryza sativa

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