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Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity

Raoult-Wack A.L., Bricas N.. 2002. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 15 (3) : p. 325-334. Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. 3, 2001-10-03/2001-10-05, Florence (Italie).

After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a ``headlong pursuit.'' In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and disparities, environmental degradation, and globalization of trade, new priorities have emerged, and new ethical questions have been raised, mainly related to sustainability and equity. This paper analyses these ethical concerns in the following terms: can the model of food sector development initiated by the industrialized countries be applied to the entire world on a sustainable and equitable basis, given the effects of this development with regard to the energy consumed, the changes in dietary behavior and related nutritional problems, the new demands in terms of food safety, the questions of biodiversity, ownership of knowledge, cultural identities, gender issues, and Man's relationship to food and Nature? (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : genre (femmes/hommes); développement durable; comportement culturel; biodiversité; régime alimentaire; consommation d'énergie; sécurité; secteur agroindustriel; durabilité; pays en développement; Éthique

Thématique : Economie et politique du développement; Agro-industrie; Législation

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