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Identification of QTLs related to cocoa resistance to three species of Phytophthora

Risterucci A.M., Paulin D., Ducamp M., N'Goran J.A.K., Lanaud C.. 2003. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 108 (1) : p. 168-174.

DOI: 10.1007/s00122-003-1408-8

This study aimed to compare the genetic control of cacao resistance to three species of Phytophthora: Phytophthora palmivora, Phytophthora megakarya and Phytophthora capsici. The study was conducted on 151 hybrid progenies created in Côte d'lvoire and grown in a green-house in Montpellier. Phytophthora resistance was screened by leaf-test inoculation with two different strains per species. Selection of the best individuals for resistance to P. palmivora at a 10% selection rate, would lead to a genetic progress of 47% in the disease evaluation for this species and a genetic progress of 42% and 21% for the two other species. A genetic map with a total length of 682 cM was built with 213 markers, 190 AFLPs and 23 microsatellites. QTLs were identified using composite interval mapping. QTLs were found located in six genomic regions. One of these was detected with five strains belonging to the three Phytophthora species. Two other regions were detected with two or three strains of two different species. Three additional QTLs were detected for only one species of Phytophthora. Each QTL explained between 8 to 12% of the phenotypic variation. For each strain, between 11.5% to 27.5% of the total phenotypic variation could be explained by the QTLs identified. The identification of multiple QTLs involved in resistance to Phytophthora offers the possibility to improve durability of resistance in cocoa by a possible cumulation of many different resistance genes located in different chromosome regions using marker-aided selection.

Mots-clés : theobroma cacao; phytophthora; résistance aux maladies; résistance génétique; carte génétique; variation génétique; marqueur génétique; côte d'ivoire; qtl

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