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Characterization of a collective action between farmers' organizations and institutions in an innovative process to face liberalization in Costa Rica

Faure G.. 2004. In : IRSA. Globalisation, risks and resistance in rural economies and societies. XI World Congress of rural sociology, Trondheim - Norway, 25 - 30 July 2004. s.l. : s.n., 15 p.. World Congress of Rural Sociology. 11, 2004-07-25/2004-07-30, Trondheim (Norvège).

In Northern Costa Rica agricultural production conditions change very rapidly due to public policies that encourage the exportation of new crops according to the liberalization process imposed by the international context. For many years, farmers' organizations at the local, regional and national levels have taken initiatives to respond to this new context and develop relationships with institutions (the Ministry of Agriculture, national universities, NGOs, international agencies, the private sector...) promoting innovations and attaining better access to information, training and financial resources. A research action program, Aid to Farmer's Organization of Northern Costa Rica, contributes to the strengthening of farmers' organizations and tries to induce a dynamic of change through the elaboration of a shared vision of peasant agriculture which means to produce safe food, protect natural resources, develop qualified local employment and defend rural culture. This communication will analyze the dynamic of the collective action. This collective action is structured around different activities such as the exchange of experiences between farmers' organizations, the elaboration of a common vision on the future of family based agriculture between different actors, training for the members and leaders of organizations., designing and implementation of innovative projects... This collective action induces the construction of new and useful knowledge, changes in the relationships between the actors, implementation of new institutional mechanisms and the development of new rules inside and outside of the organizations.

Mots-clés : association d'agriculteurs; libéralisation des échanges; organisation paysanne; costa rica; recherche-action

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