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Leaf : fruit ratio and irrigation supply affect seasonal changes in minerals, organic acids and sugars of mango fruit

Lechaudel M., Joas J., Caro Y., Génard M., Jannoyer M.. 2005. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 85 (2) : p. 251-260.

DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.1968

To determine the effects of assimilate and water supply on the determination of mango fruit quality, the seasonal variations of minerals, acids and sugar concentrations were investigated over two successive years. To manipulate the assimilate supply, selected branches were girdled to provide ratios of 10, 25, 50 and 100 leaves per fruit. Irrigation was managed to provide two types of water supply treatments. Fruit growth rate was greater when increasing the leaf:fruit ratio. Structural dry matter content and total dry matter content of flesh were higher in fruit with higher leaf:fruit ratios. Treatments had no effect on the structural to total dry matter ratio of flesh. Potassium and magnesium to structural dry weight ratios were not affected by treatments, whereas the calcium to structural dry weight ratio was higher in the flesh of fruit grown under low leaf:fruit ratios. Low assimilate supply increased the ratios of malle and citric acid to structural dry weight. This treatment had little effect on acid concentrations. Glucose and fructose to structural dry weight ratios were higher when assimilate supply was lower. Low leaf:fruit ratios increased fructose concentration but not glucose concentration. Irrigation treatment strongly affected fructose concentration. Sucrose concentration, based either on structural dry matter or on fresh matter, was significantly increased by higher leaf-to-fruit ratios. When the fruit was close to maturity, levels of sucrose storage and starch breakdown were positively correlated with assimilate supply. Levels of starch breakdown were correlated with irrigation supply. The effects of these treatments on sugar concentrations may change fruit taste.

Mots-clés : mangifera indica; mangue; feuille; fruit; irrigation; composition chimique; qualité; teneur en éléments minéraux; acide organique; teneur en glucides; pulpe de fruits; croissance; teneur en matière sèche; approvisionnement en eau; réunion; france

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