Publications des agents du Cirad


Oil palm resources in the Cote d'Ivoire composition, assessment and use

Cochard B., Durand-Gasselin T., Adon B.. 2006. In : Rajanaidu Nookiah (ed.), Henson I.E. (ed.), Ariffin Darus (ed.). Proceedings of the International Symposium on oil palm genetics resources and their utilization, 8-10 June 2000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Kajang : MPOB, p. 81-100. International Symposium on Oil Palm Genetic Resources and their Utilization, 2000-06-08/2000-06-10, Kuala Lumpur (Malaisie).

The first plantings at the La Mé station (Côte d'Ivoire) were set up in 1920 using material from selections carried out in the Bingerville region (Côte d'Ivoire). Those populations served as the basis for the first oil palm breeding programmes in that country. Thereafter, a policy was adopted to diversify the origins worked on. Thus. over the years, the station has acquired numerous populations from Central Africa, West Africa and Asia. The acquisitions come from surveys of wild palm groves or exchanges between research stations. In that way, one of the largest collections in Africa has been assembled, involving 174 accessions derived from 21 populations planted on 85 hectares. Each of these populations has been assessed at the La Mé site for its agronomic traits. Their inherent value and their combining ability have been studied. The best parents of the oldest introduced populations have been used to form the backbone of the reciprocal recurrent selection programme. The most recent introductions are used to enrich the improved populations by integrating the best parents during recombination phases.

Mots-clés : elaeis guineensis; ressource génétique végétale; sélection; expérimentation; caractère agronomique; côte d'ivoire

Communication de congrès

Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :