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Molecular variability analysis of five new complete cacao swollen shoot virus genomic sequences

Muller E., Sackey S.. 2005. Archives of Virology, 150 (1) : p. 53-66.

DOI: 10.1007/s00705-004-0394-8

Cacao swollen shoot virus (CSSV), a member of the family Caulimoviridae, genus Badnavirus occurs in all the main cacao-growing areas of West Africa. We amplified, cloned and sequenced complete genomes of five new isolates, two originating from Togo and three originating from Ghana. The genome of these five newly sequenced isolates all contain the five putative open reading frames I, II, III, X and Y described for the first sequenced CSSV isolate, Agou1 originating from Togo. Their genomes have been aligned with the genome of Agou1. The nucleotide and amino acid sequence identities between isolates have been calculated and a phylogenetic analysis has been made including other pararetroviruses. Maximum nucleotide sequence variability between complete genomes of CSSV isolates was 29.4%. Geographical differentiation between isolates appears more important than differentiation between mild and severe isolates. ORF X differs greatly in size and sequence between the Togolese isolates Nyongbo2 and Agou1, and the four other isolates, its functional role is therefore clearly questionable.

Mots-clés : theobroma cacao; virus des végétaux; caulimovirus; variation génétique; génome; séquence nucléotidique; séquence d'acides aminés; phylogénie; agent pathogène; pousse; cacao swollen shoot virus (cssv)

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