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Evidence for conspecificity of Piper methysticum Forst. f. and Piper wichmannii C. DC

Lebot V., Lévesque J.. 1996. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 24 (7-8) : p. 775-782.

DOI: 10.1016/S0305-1978(97)81216-1

Morphological, chemical, cytological and genetic evidence demonstrating the absence of taxonomic distinction between Piper methysticum and Piper wichmannii are reviewed. Piper methysticum is not a separate species, but rather a group of sterile cultivars selected from somatic mutants of P. wichmannii. As P. methysticum was described first (1786), it has priority and P. wichmannii (1910) is superfluous. A new subspecific classification is suggested that makes a distinction between the sterile cultivars (P. methysticum var. methysticum) and the wild populations (P. methysticum var. Wichmannii).
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