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In vitro micropropagation and rooting of Acacia mangium microshoots from juvenile and mature origins

Monteuuis O.. 2004. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology. Plant, 40 (1) : p. 102-107.

DOI: 10.1079/IVP2003493

Acacia mangium microshoots from juvenile and mature genotypes were micropropagated through a regular subculture regime for more than 3 yr in vitro. Average multiplication rates of 5.5 for the juvenile source and of 3.9 for the mature clone were obtained during this period on the 6-benzylaminopurine-enriched multiplication medium. Although the juvenile material displayed higher potential for axillary shoot and root formation than the mature clone overall, the differences were not statistically significant with noticeable variations in the course of time from one subculture to another. On specific rooting media, the juvenile material rooted overall in greater proportions than the mature material, notwithstanding noteworthy interactions between the age of the plant material and the various experimental factors tested, i.e. sucrose concentration, macrosalt formulation and light regime. The stimulating effect of darkness on juvenile plant material rooting rates was more obvious than for the mature clone, which responded more inconsistently. Addition of 4 µM indole-3-acetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid, or 1-naphthaleneacetic acid in the rooting medium significantly increased the proportion of rooted microshoots of both origins. The rooting criteria observed were also prone to vary depending on the experimental date. The data indicate that rooting of juvenile and mature Acacia mangium materials have average rates of 90% and 77%, respectively. These are high enough to consider possible applications of these procedures toward operational activities.

Mots-clés : acacia mangium; micropropagation; culture de tissu; provenance; lumière; organogénèse

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