Publications des agents du Cirad


Oryza sativa - magnaporthe grisea: A model interaction for the study of non-host interaction in plants

Faivre-Rampant O., Bily A., Berri S., Tharreau D., Schweizer P., Morel J.B., Nottéghem J.L., Guiderdoni E., Piffanelli P.. 2005. In : Société française de phytopathologie, VIème congrés, 23-24-25 février 2005, Toulouse : programme et résumés des communications. Paris : Société française de phytopathologie, 1 p.. Congrès de la Société française de phytopathologie. 6, 2005-02-23/2005-02-25, Toulouse (France).

Resistance shown by a plant species to the majority of potentially pathogenic microbes is known as non-host resistance. The events leading to non-host resistance in plants represents one of the least understood phenomena and a remaining challenge in the field of plant-microbe interactions. Non-host resistance also represents one of the most promising defence mechanisms in developing durable resistance against plant pathogens, namely due to its effectiveness against a broad range of pathogen species and its durability in nature compared to race-specific R gene-dependent resistance. Rice-Magnaporthe grisea is a model pathosystem for race-specific cereal disease resistance study. At the species level, Magnaporthe grisea attack more than 50 monocots. However, at the strain level, this fungus exhibits a narrow host spectrum. We are currently developing a biological model using rice cultivars and several non-host M grisea strains (pathogenic on wheat and maize) to elucidate mechanisms implicated in non-host interaction. Cytological analysis will help us to pinpoint where the fungus is blocked in rice- M. grisea non-host interactions. Transcriptome analyses will enable us to identify non-host differentially expressed genes. A reverse genetic strategy is underway to target rice T-DNA insertion mutants (Genoplante) that could be potentially affected in non-host resistance. It is expected that this model will shade some light into the genetic basis of non-host resistance defining the signalling and effectors components involved in these phenomena in rice and applicable to other cereal species. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : oryza sativa; magnaporthe grisea; relation hôte pathogène; modèle; génie génétique; cytologie; interaction hote-parasite

Communication de congrès

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