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Logging damage and the subsequent dynamics of a dipterocarp forest in East Kalimantan (1990-1996)

Sist P., Nguyen-The N.. 2002. Forest Ecology and Management, 165 : p. 85-103.

DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00649-1

The effects of logging damage on forest dynamics processes were assessed in a lowland dipterocarp forest of East Kalimantan, Indonesia. From 1990 to 1991, twelve 4 ha plots (200 m x 200 m) each divided into four 1 ha subplots were set up and all trees with dbh >10 cm measured and identified at least at the generic level. Logging was carried out from November 1991 to March 1992 in nine plots while three plots served as control. The 48 subplots were grouped according to the proportion of remaining basal area after harvesting, as follows: group 1 with more than 80% of the original basal area remaining, group 2 with 70-79%, group 3 with less than 70%, and group 4 as control plots. Remeasurements were carried out just after logging in 1992 and then every 2 years until 1996. Felling intensity varied from 1 to 17 stems ha-I (50-250 m3 ha-l). In primary forest, mean annual mortality remained constant to 1.5% per year throughout the study period while mean annual mortality rate was significantly higher in logged-over forest (2.6% per year). This higher rate resulted from a higher mortality of injured trees (4.9% per year). Four years after logging, mortality rates in logged-over and primary forest were similar. Recruitment remained constant at 8 trees ha per year in primary forest and varied from 14 to 32 trees ha-1 per year in logged-over stand in proportion with the amount of damage. In stands with the lowest remaining basal area, the establishment and growth of dipterocarps was strongly limited by the strong regeneration of pioneer species. This study suggests that total basal area removed by logging in primary forest (harvested trees and trees killed during felling and skidding) should not exceed 15% of the original one; reduced-impact logging (RIL) techniques applied with a maximum harvesting intensity of 8 trees ha-I, can keep logging damage under this threshold.

Mots-clés : abattage d'arbres; impact sur l'environnement; production forestière; dynamique des populations; kalimantan

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