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Antibody seroprevalences against peste des petits ruminants (PPR) virus in camels, cattle, goats and sheep in Ethiopia

Abraham G., Sintayehu A., Libeau G., Albina E., Roger F., Laekemariam Y., Abayneh D., Awoke K.M.. 2005. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 70 : p. 51-57.

DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2005.02.011

A questionnaire-survey data indicated that 26% of 276 farmers reported the presence of respiratory disease in their herds in 2001. The incidence was perceived as "high" in small ruminants and camels, but as "low" in cattle. Simultaneously, 2815 serum samples from camels (n = 628), cattle (n = 910), goats (n = 442) and sheep (n = 835) were tested. The peste des petits ruminants (PPR) antibody seroprevalence was 3% in camels, 9% in cattle, 9% in goats and 13% in sheep. The highest locality-specific seroprevalences were: camels 10%, cattle 16%, goats 22% and sheep 23%. The animals had not been vaccinated against rinderpest or PPR. Antibody seroprevalences detected in camels, cattle, goats and sheep confirmed natural transmission of PPR virus under field conditions.

Mots-clés : peste des petits ruminants; morbillivirus; Épidémiologie; enquête pathologique; État de porteur; test elisa; caprin; camelidae; ovin; Éthiopie

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