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Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis enhanced the efficiency of inoculation with two Bradyrhizobium staims and Acacia holosericea growth

André S., Galiana A., Le Roux C., Prin Y., Neyra M., Duponnois R.. 2005. Mycorrhiza, 15 : p. 357-364.

Two strains of Bradyrhizobium sp., Aust 13C and Aust 11C, were dually or singly inoculated with an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Pisolithus albus to assess the interactions between ectomycorrhizal symbiosis and the nodulation process in glasshouse conditions. Sequencing of strains Aust 13C and Aust 11C confirmed their previous placement in the genus Bradyrhizobium. After 4 months' culture, the ectomycorrhizal symbiosis promoted plant growth and the nodulation process of both Bradyrhizobium strains, singly or dually inoculated. PCRIRFLP analysis of the nodules randomly collected in each treatment with Aust 13C and/or Aust 11C: (1) showed that all the nodules exhibited the same patterns as those of the Bradyrhizobium strains, and (2) did not detect contaminant rhizobia. When both Bradyrhizobium isolates were inoculated together, but without P. a/bus IR100, Aust 11C was recorded in 13% of the treated nodules compared to 87% for Aust 13C, where-as Aust 11C and Aust 13C were represented in 20 and 80% of the treated nodules, respectively, in the ectomycorrhizal treatment. Therefore Aust 13C had a high competitive ability and a great persistence in soil. The presence of the fungus did not significantly influence the frequencies of each Bradyrhizobium sp. root nodules. Although the mechanisms remain unknown, these results showed that the ectomycorrhizal and biological nitrogen-fixing symbioses were very dependent on each other. From a practical point of view, the role of ectomycorrhizal symbiosis is of great importance to N2 fixation and, consequently, these kinds of symbiosis must be associated in any controlled inoculation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : bactérie fixatrice de l'azote; inoculation; mycorhizé; rhizobium; nodosité racinaire; symbiose; pisolithus; acacia holosericea; bradyrhizobium

Thématique : Biologie du sol; Physiologie végétale : croissance et développement

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