Publications des agents du Cirad


French market, October 2005 : indicators. Banana, avocado, orange, grapefruit, easy peelers, litchi, mango, pineapple, sea freight

Imbert E., Hébrard V., Delanoue C., Gerbaud P., Paqui T., Bright R.. 2005. Fruitrop (English ed.) (129) : p. 20-30.

Banana: October was far from living up to its reputation! Cumulated shipments from Africa and the West Indies remained significantly short. Furthermore, distributors continued to re-launch sales on the domestic market after a dull September. Export releases were more dynamic, in particular to northern European countries. In this context, prices continued to exceed the levels attained in recent seasons. Avocado: Once again, the market switched sharply from over-supply in September 2005 to marked under-supply (-12% in comparison with the average). However, Chilean operators attained their objective of becoming the reference suppliers in October by exporting volumes as large as in 2004. However, the presence of Mexican fruits was much smaller than in other seasons as exporters concentrated on the United States market. Prices recovered sharply and reached a very satisfactory level at the end of the month. Orange: The season in the southern hemisphere, with no marked ups and downs, finished fairly well. Supplies were short, mainly because of the very late start to the Spanish 'Naveline' season. The prices of the last 'Valencia' from the southern hemisphere-forming most of supplies-were increased, returning to an average level. Grapefruit: Supplies have been particularly light, consisting mainly of the last fruits from South Africa and Honduras. Practically no produce arrived from Cuba. Furthermore, presence of the winter origins was very discreet, (serious deficit in Florida, small fruits in Turkey and religious festivals in Israel). In this context, prices were very firm for most origins even though demand for citrus fruits was slowed by warm weather. Only Honduras displayed a mixed performance. Easy peelers: The season started better than in 2004 for Spanish operators, who were practically alone on the market in October. Although sales were far from euphoric, in particular as the weather was still distinctly warmer than average for the season, they were better than those of October 2004. Prices were comparatively satisfactory for the improved varieties targeted by demand. Litchi: In contrast with October 2004 when the gap in litchi supplies lasted about 10 days, litchi was totally absent from the range of exotic fruits for nearly a month this October. It did not reappear on European markets until the beginning of November, with the start of the export seasons of the producers in the Indian Ocean zone (Mauritius, Réunion, South Africa and Madagascar). Mango: After a boost in demand and consumption at the beginning of the month, the market risked a dangerous upset but did not fall even though the supply conditions became dangerous. Brazil dominated supplies to Europe in October. Less represented on the French market, this origin left room for fruit from Israel and Spain which were finishing or continuing their export seasons. Prices were set according to the variety and the type of transport, leading to a broad range of prices. Pineapple: The recovery in business that started in September continued but the precipitous arrival from Week 41 onwards of large volumes of 'Sweet' (MD-2) pineapple seriously disturbed a market that some had hoped would be peaceful and steady until the end of the month. Sales were much more fluid on the market for pineapple shipped by air; volumes remained limited and demand matched supply. Sea freight: The month of October illustrates the vulnerability of the reefer business to variables beyond its control and especially highlights the risks that a reefer owner, particularly of Spot tonnage, must endure....

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