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Characterisation of a quantitative resistance to vector transmission of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus in Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium

Delatte H., Holota H., Reynaud B., Dintinger J.. 2006. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 114 (3) : p. 245-253.

DOI: 10.1007/s10658-005-5400-9

Two wild genotypes from the same species Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium, WVA106 (susceptible) and INRA-Hirsute (so-called 'resistant'), were compared with respect to their reaction to Tomato yellow leaf curl virus isolate Réunion (TYLCV-Mld[RE]), using both whitefly-mediated inoculation and graft inoculation. Disease incidence and symptom severity were scored. Presence and quantification of viral DNA were assessed by dot blot hybridisation. Upon insect inoculation, accession INRA-Hirsute showed a moderate resistance against TYLCV that was overcome by a high inoculation pressure obtained by increasing the cumulative number of inoculative whiteflies. Temporal analyses of the disease progress in relation to this criterion exhibited that the protection was quantitative, mainly reducing the TYLCV-Mld[RE] incidence by at maximum 50% at low inoculation pressure. When graft inoculated, the final TYLCV-Mld[RE] disease incidence was 100% in both susceptible and resistant genotypes with severe symptoms, suggesting a reduction of virus transmission by a vector resistance as a possible mechanism. Implications of using such type of resistance in breeding programmes are discussed.

Mots-clés : solanum pimpinellifolium; virus des végétaux; bemisia tabaci; agent pathogène; vecteur de maladie; transmission des maladies; génotype; adn; pouvoir pathogène; infection expérimentale; greffage; résistance aux maladies; begomovirus; réunion; france; tomato yellow leaf curl virus

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