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A health evaluation in a colony of captive collored peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) in the eastern Amazon

Mayor P., Le Pendu Y., Guimaraes D.A., Viana da Silva J., Tavares H.L., Tello M., Pereira W., Lopez-Béjar M., Jori F.. 2006. Research in Veterinary Science, 81 : p. 246-253.

DOI: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2005.12.003

This study pretends to determine baseline data on the health and mortality of a colony of captive collared peccaries in the Eastern Amazon (Belém, State of Para, Brazil) during a 65-months survey. Thirty-nine out of 166 animals (23.5%) died and were examined post-mortem. Monthly mortality averaged 1.2%. The highest mortality rate was observed in newborns (74.4%). Abandonment by the mother and aggression were responsible for 24.1% and 13.8% of the total newborn deaths, respectively. Most frequent causes of non-neonatal death were food poisoning (50.0%) due to an episode of accidental bitter cassava leaves ingestion and traumatism due to aggressions between animals (10.0%). Results from serology for different infectious diseases showed that 4.9% (2/41) collared peccaries had antibodies against Brucella spp. and 9.8% (4/41) animals had antibodies to two different Leptospira spp. serovars, hutembo and autunmalis. This is the first survey of morbidity and mortality in captive collared peccaries in the Amazon region. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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