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An analysis of elastic and plastic fruit growth of mango in response to various assimilate supplies

Lechaudel M., Vercambre G., Lescourret F., Normand F., Génard M.. 2007. Tree Physiology, 27 (2) : p. 219-230.

DOI: 10.1093/treephys/27.2.219

Changes in elastic and plastic components of mango (Mangifera indica L. cv ¿Cogshall¿) fruit growth were analyzed with a model of fruit growth over time and in response to various assimilate supplies. The model is based on water relations (water potential and osmotic and turgor pressures) at the fruit level. Variation in elastic fruit growth was modeled as a function of the elastic modulus and variation in turgor pressure. Variation in plastic fruit growth was modeled using the Lockhart (1965) equation. In this model, plastic growth parameters (yield threshold pressure and cell wall extensibility) varied during fruit growth. Outputs of the model were diurnal and seasonal fruit growth, and fruit turgor pressure. These variables were simulated with good accuracy by the model, particularly the observed increase in fruit size with increasing availability of assimilate supply. Shrinkage was sensitive to the surface conductance of fruit peel, the elasticity modulus and the hydraulic conductivity of fruit, whereas fruit growth rate was highly sensitive to parameters linked to changes in wall extensibility and yield threshold pressure, regardless of the assimilate supply. According to the model, plastic growth was generally zero during the day and shrinkage and swelling were linked to the elastic behavior of the fruit. During the night, plastic and elastic growths were positive, resulting in fruit expansion.

Mots-clés : mangifera indica; croissance; mangue; fruits; relation plante eau; modèle; retrait

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