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Relationship between physiological age, ripening and susceptibility of banana to wound anthracnose

Chillet M., Hubert O., De Lapeyre de Bellaire L.. 2007. Crop Protection, 26 (7) : p. 1078-1082.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2006.09.012

Wound anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum musae is the main disease affecting the quality of export banana from the West Indies. Mountain-grown banana fruits are less affected by the disease than those grown in lowland areas. Little is known about the effects of fruit growth on the development of wound anthracnose. The results of our experiments revealed that as the physiological age increased, banana became more sensitive to C. musae. However, at the same physiological age, lowland banana were more susceptible than those grown in mountain banana plantations. Banana fruits that were the most susceptible to C. musae ripened the fastest as a result of rot development. Noted differences in wound anthracnose occurrence in lowland- and mountain-grown banana are discussed. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

Mots-clés : banane; anthracnose; maladie fongique; colletotrichum; mûrissage; musa; résistance aux maladies; physiologie après récolte; Âge; antilles françaises; france; colletotrichum musae

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