Publications des agents du Cirad


Can supply chain's coordination mechanisms include small hoders? Insight from an empirical work in Costa Rica

Faure G., Maître d'Hôtel E., Le Coq J.F., Saenz F.. 2007. In : Pro-poor development in low-income countries : food, agriculture, trade and environement. 106th EAAE Seminar, October 23-27, 2007, Montpellier-Palavas, France. Montpellier : CIRAD, 21 p.. EAAE Seminar. 106, 2007-10-25/2007-10-27, Montpellier (France).

Small holders' agriculture is currently facing new stakes due to State's withdrawal from agricultural support and to higher market requests for producing agricultural products Different coordination mechanisms can be observed inside the supply chains involving farmers, farmers' organizations, and others stakeholders. They depend on the nature of the product, the characteristics of the stakeholders involved, the technical specifications related to the transactions, and the institutional environment. Relying on a comparative case stud methodology, the paper analyzes the consequences of different coordination mechanism; on inclusion or exclusion of small farmers in the northern region of Costa Rica. Marke coordination could be an efficient way to integrate farmers in supply chains in the case o low technical specifications and of existence of adequate selling mechanisms. Hybrid coordination is the main mechanism and facilitates the inclusion of small farmers depending on the farmers' organizations capacities to negotiate adequate rules. In some situations hybrid coordination with captive relationships could occur but leads to a more o less rapid exclusion process.

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