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Vinasse organic matter quality and mineralization potential, as influenced by raw material, fermentation and concentration processes

Parnaudeau V., Condom N., Oliver R., Cazevieille P., Recous S.. 2008. Bioresource Technology, 99 (6) : p. 1553-1562.

Both dilute and concentrated vinasse can be spread on agricultural fields or used as organic fertilizer. The effects of different characteristics of the original raw material on the biochemical composition of vinasse and their C and N mineralization in soil were investigated. Vinasse samples were obtained from similar industrial fermentation processes based on the growth of microorganisms on molasses from different raw material (sugar beet or sugar cane) and vinasse concentration (dilute or concentrated). The nature of the raw material used for fermentation had the greatest effect on the nature and size of the resistant organic pool. This fraction included aromatic compounds originating from the raw material or from complex molecules and seemed to be quantitatively related to acid-insoluble N. Samples derived from sugar beet were richer in N compounds and induced greater net N mineralization. The effect of evaporation varied with the nature of the raw material. Concentration led to a slight increase in the abundance of phenolic compounds, acid-insoluble fraction, and a slight decrease in the labile fraction of vinasses partly or totally derived from sugar beet. The effect of the dilute vinasse from sugar cane was greater. The concentrated vinasse had a smaller labile fraction, induced N immobilization at the beginning of incubation, and exhibited greater N concentration in the acid-insoluble fraction than the dilute vinasse. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : matière organique; qualité; déchet industriel; fermentation; composition chimique; déchet liquide; minéralisation; composé phénolique; vinasse

Thématique : Traitement des déchets agricoles

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