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First report in Mauritius of bacterial leaf blight of Syngonium caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. syngonii

Jouen E., Robène-Soustrade I., Gagnevin L., Pruvost O., Benimadhu S.. 2008. Plant Disease, 92 (6) : p. 980-980.

In November of 2006, necrotic leaf lesions with water-soaked margins were observed on Syngonium podophyllum in Floréal, Forest Side, and Réduit, Mauritius. Although not an economically important crop, the disease was of concern because syngonium is a host for Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae and the anthurium industry is of major economic importance in Mauritius. X. campestris pv. syngonii, described as the causal agent of bacterial leaf blight of syngonium (2), is genetically closely related to group 9.4 X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae strains (3). In contrast to X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae, X. campestris pv. syngonii strains are highly virulent on syngonium but are not pathogenic on anthurium or other Araceae, but both react similarly to the Xcd108 monoclonal antibody (Mab) (Agdia Inc., Elkhart, IN) and to a nested PCR assay designed for X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae (4). X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae and X. campestris pv. syngonii strains can be distinguished on the basis of restriction analysis of the amplicon of this PCR assay. Four pure cultures isolated from S. podophyllum were gram negative, yellow pigmented, and produced mucoid colonies on yeast peptone glucose agar (YPGA). One positive control strain of X. campestris pv. syngonii (LMG 9055 from the United States) and X. axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae (LMG 695 from Brazil) were also used for all tests. All strains reacted positively with the Xcd108 MAb using indirect ELISA. DNA from all strains was amplified by the nested PCR assay, and the HincII restriction pattern of the amplicons identified strains from Mauritius as X. campestris pv. syngonii. Pathogenicity tests were performed on 8-month-old plants of Anthurium andreanum cv. Florida, Dieffenbachia maculata cv. Tropic Marianne, and S. podophyllum cv. Robusta by infiltrating suspensions containing ~1 × 105 CFU ml¯1 of each strain prepared from YPGA plates. Each strain was inoculated onto three young leaves (four inoculation sites per

Mots-clés : xanthomonas campestris; diagnostic; xanthomonas; identification; pouvoir pathogène; anthurium; araceae; pcr; bactériose; maurice; xanthomonas campestris pv syngonii; xanthomonas axonopodis pv dieffenbachiae; syngonium

Thématique : Maladies des plantes

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