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Does isometamidium chloride treatment protect tsetse flies from trypanosome infections during SIT campaigns?

Bouyer J.. 2008. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 22 (2) : p. 140-143.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00727.x

African animal trypanosomosis is a major pathological constraint to cattle breeding across 10 million km2 of sub-Saharan West African countries infested by tsetse flies, their cyclic vectors. The release of sterile males (sterile insect technique [SIT]) is a potentially important control technique aimed at eliminating the vectors. Prior to release, tsetse are generally treated with isometamidium chloride, a trypanocide, to prevent them from transmitting parasites. The present study investigated the preventive action of isometamidium chloride (0.5 mg/L) on the subsequent susceptibility of tsetse released into the wild. A total of 1755 Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank and 744 Glossina tachinoides Westwood were released, of which 50 and 48, respectively, were recaptured 22¿43 days after release. Their probosces were analysed by polymerase chain reaction to identify mature infections with three trypanosome species (Trypanosoma vivax, Trypanosoma brucei sensu lato and Trypanosoma congolense savannah type). Two mature infections with T. vivax and four with T. congolense were detected, indicating that the use of this treatment regimen in an SIT campaign would not totally prevent sterile males from transmitting trypanosomes.

Mots-clés : trypanosoma; chimioprévention; antiprotozoaire; glossina; expérimentation; transmission des maladies; stérilisation; contrôle de maladies; burkina faso; isométamidium

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