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Development and evaluation of a real-time quantitative PCR assay for Culicoides imicola, one of the main vectors of bluetongue (BT) and African horse sickness (AHS) in Africa and Europe

Cetre-Sossah C., Mathieu B., Setier-Rio M.L., Grillet C., Baldet T., Delecolle J.C., Albina E.. 2008. Research in Veterinary Science, 85 (2) : p. 372-382.

The current microscopy method for identifying the Culicoides imicola Kieffer, 1913 species can be time and labour intensive. There is a need for the development of a rapid and quantitative tool to quantify the biting midges C. imicola ss in light trap catches. A reproducible and sensitive real-time polymerase chain reaction method that targets the internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of ribosomal DNA of C. imicola ss species was developed. This real-time PCR assay was first performed on 10-fold serial dilutions of purified plasmid DNA containing specific C. imicola ss ITS-1. It was then possible to construct standard curves with a high correlation coefficient (r2 = 0.99) in the range of 10_2-10_8 ng of purified DNA. The performances of this PCR were evaluated in comparison with morphological determination on Culicoides trapped along the Mediterranean coastal mainland France. ROC statistical analysis was carried out using morphology as gold standard and the area under the ROC curve had a satisfactory value of 0.9752. The results indicated that this real-time PCR assay holds promise for monitoring C. imicola ss population in both surveillance and research programmes because of its good specificity (92%) and sensitivity (95%). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : virus bluetongue; vecteur de maladie; peste équine africaine; fièvre catarrhale du mouton; identification; pcr; culicoides; europe; afrique; culicoides imicola

Thématique : Organismes nuisibles des animaux; Maladies des animaux

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