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Monomeric phenols of cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale L.)

Michodjehoun-Mestres L., Souquet J.M., Fulcrand H., Bouchut C., Reynes M., Brillouet J.M.. 2009. Food Chemistry, 112 (4) : p. 851-857.

Monomeric phenols were extracted by acetone/water (60:40) from the skin and flesh of four cashew apple genotypes from Brazil and Bénin (West Africa), purified by absorption chromatography and subjected to HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS analysis. Skins were found much richer than fleshes in simple phenolics. Flavonol glycosides were dominant with myricetin and quercetin hexosides (2 of each), pentosides (3 of each), and rhamnosides as major compounds. Anthocyanidin glycosides were detected in skins from the two scarlet and orange pigmented genotypes as peonidin, petunidin and cyanidin 3-O-hexosides, and were absent from fleshes. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : composition chimique; pulpe de fruits; pelure; flavonoïde; glycoside; anthocyanidine; composé phénolique; anacardium occidentale; bénin; brésil

Thématique : Composition des produits alimentaires

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