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Combining role-playing games and policy simulation exercices: An experience with Maroccan smallholder farmers

Dionnet M., Kuper M., Hammani A., Garin P.. 2008. Simulation and Gaming, 39 (4) : p. 498-514.

Moroccan agriculture is currently undergoing major political, socioeconomic, and environmental transitions. Smallholder farmers involved in large-scale irrigation schemes need to modernize their systems to face these challenges. In this study, a participatory process incorporating different simulation and gaming tools was designed and applied to accompany farmer groups in designing joint irrigation projects, generally drip irrigation systems. A role-playing game was used in the first phase of the process to raise awareness among farmers about the scope and contents of a joint irrigation project and list the different knowledge gaps. During the second phase, a policy simulation exercise based on the actual field situation enabled farmer groups to design their own joint drip irrigation project. As a result, several farmer groups produced a feasibility study for their joint drip irrigation system. Our experience highlighted the complementarity of these tools in a process of change. The abstract role-playing game provided valid learning experience while the realistic simulation supported concrete decision making. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : approches participatives; participation; petite exploitation agricole; modèle de simulation; méthode d'irrigation; irrigation goutte à goutte; maroc; jeu de role

Thématique : Méthodes de recherche; Irrigation; Economie et politique du développement

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