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Fragmentation analysis for prediction of suitable habitat for vectors : Example of riverine tsetse flies in Burkina Faso

Guerrini L., Bord J.P., Ducheyne E., Bouyer J.. 2008. Journal of Medical Entomology, 45 (6) : p. 1180-1186.

DOI: 10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[1180:FAFPOS]2.0.CO;2

Tsetse ßies are the cyclic vectors of sleeping sickness and African animal trypanosomosis. The possibility to classify the natural habitat of riverine tsetse species is explored in the Mouhoun River basin, Burkina Faso: the objectives were to discriminate the riverine forests community types and their fragmentation levels by using Landsat 7 enhanced thematic mapper images, to map tsetse densities. Glossina palpalis gambiensis Vanderplank 1949 (Diptera: Glossinidae) and G. tachinoides Westwood, 1850 are the vectors of trypanosomoses in this area. After a supervised classiÞcation, the community types were discriminated using the water area in 400-m-wide polygons around the river. A fragmentation analysis of the swamp forest unit, cross-tabulated with the community types, lead to identiÞcation of the Þnal landscapes where tsetse apparent densities(ADT)were implemented using a training data set of 608 trap locations. The predicted ADT were then compared with an independent validation data set of 78 trap locations. The correlation between the model predictions and the validation data set was high, validating this approach (P _ 0.001). The riverine forest community type and fragmentation level are critical factors for riverine tsetse species, which should be taken into consideration to map their suitable habitat.

Mots-clés : technique de prévision; glossina pallidipes; vecteur de maladie; paysage; distribution géographique; densité de population; télédétection; modèle de simulation; landsat; burkina faso

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