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The global problematic of diversification for rice/treecrops smallholders in Southeast Asia : an example with rubber diversification and its impacts on family farmers' income in Mimot district (Kompong Cham province, Kingdom of Cambodia)

Feintrenie L., Penot E.. 2008. Montpellier : CIRAD, 16 p..

Ecological vs economical sustainability of agricultural development is discussed in the first part of the paper to present the global problematic of rice/tree-crop for smallholders in Southeast Asia. An example is provided through a case study carried out in 2004 in Kompong Cham province (Cambodia), for the Family Rubber Project. The aim of this prospective analysis is to evaluate the impact of diversification with rubber cropping for smallholders and farms' ability to face risk when rubber provides a regular income improving the families' cash flow. The project offers technical support, a particular smallholders' expectations, and a planting credit allowing small and medium-scale farmers to avoid incurring debt towards local landlords at excessive rates. However; the selection criteria of candidates depends on their ability to reimburse the project, excluding de facto the poorest farmers. Thus the question of the compatibility of developing the rubber sector and helping the poorest farmers remains.

Mots-clés : hevea brasiliensis; cambodge

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