Publications des agents du Cirad


Guide to the co-construction of sustainable development indicators in aquaculture

Lazard J. (ed.), Rey-Valette H., Clément O., Aubin J., Mathé S., Chia E., Legendre M., Caruso D., Mikolasek O., Blancheton J.P., Slembrouck J., Baruthio A., Rene F., Levang P., Morissens P.. 2008. Montpellier : EVAD, 146 p..

It certainly cannot be said that aquaculture has ignored sustainable development, judging by the number of standards, guides and indicators devoted to it, produced mainly under the aegis of international organisations such as FAO, the European Union and some NGOs. However, these continue to be perceived in large measure as constraints rather than as shared objectives by the actors in the field. Faced with this situation, which is not specific to aquaculture but on the contrary quite general regardless of sector, context or scale, this guide seeks to propose a generic approach that through a collective process, i.e. a joint construction, promotes the implementation and the appropriation of sustainable development. What makes this approach original is not only the participatory nature of the construction, which brings the actors together and takes into account their representations, but also the regional nature of the approach which includes both aquaculture systems and their host areas. It is based on a selection process that nests principles and criteria and which, by linking indicators to the actors' issues and representations, encourages their appropriation of both sustainable development and the indicators produced. Designed in the form of an instruction manual that is as flexible as possible, the approach alternates various sequences in order to modulate the range and the involvement of stakeholders and to emphasise the collective learning process. This guide is the fruit of fieldwork undertaken by a group of French researchers in partnership with teams of scientists and actors in France, in Europe and in Southern countries (Cameroon, Indonesia and Philippines). Aquaculture systems, representative of a broad range of farming systems and of governance mechanisms, were studied. This guide is intended for aquaculture producer groups, supervisory administrations in the sector, as well as research bodies, NGOs,... and any group wishing to implement sustainable development in aquaculture or in any other domain. It may also be very useful to teachers and students who wish to study how aquaculture works in a given region.

Mots-clés : aquaculture; indonésie; philippines; europe; cameroun; france

Documents associés


Agents Cirad, auteurs de cette publication :