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Criteria for the choice of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) planting material in Africa : the Cameroon experience

Bakoumé C., Louise C., Rafflegeau S., Amblard P., Tengoua F.F.. 2006. Planter, 82 (958) : p. 43-52.

The superiority oftenera palms over dura palms for palm oil production is widely known in the African oil palm belt in general and particularly in Cameroon. When all oil palm plantations in Cameroon are expected to be laid out with tenera planting material, it is surprising to find that part of them comprise of various proportions ofdura and pisifera The latter is generally female sterile due to usual abortion offresh fruit bunches. The use oflow yielding tenera, dura and even pisiferaplanting materials is mostly unintentional though some cases exist where the choice of high quality planting material is not given priority by the planter. field criteria are of prime importance for industrial plantation while smallholders' choices of planting materials depend on economical, technical, political, land and cultural factors. Actions can be taken in a short-term to make improved tenera the unique planting material for all planters.

Mots-clés : elaeis guineensis; cameroun

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