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Eleven generations of selection for the duration of fertiliy in the intergeneric crossbreeding of ducks

Cheng Y.S., Rouvier R., Liu H.L., Huang S.C., Huang Y.C., Liao C.W., Liu Tai J.J., Tai C., Poivey J.P.. 2009. Genetics Selection Evolution, 41 (1) : p. 1-11.

A 12-generation selection experiment involving a selected line (S) and a control line (C) has been conducted since 1992 with the aim of increasing the number of fertile eggs laid by the Brown Tsaiya duck after a single artificial insemination (Al) with pooled Muscovy semen. On average, 28.9% of the females and 17.05% of the males were selected. The selection responses and the predicted responses showed similar trends. The average predicted genetic responses per generation in genetic standard deviation units were 0.40 for the number of fertile eggs, 0.45 for the maximum duration of fertility, and 0.32 for the number of hatched mule ducklings' traits. The fertility rates for days 2-8 after AI were 89.14% in the S line and 61.46% in the C line. Embryo viability was not impaired by this selection. The largest increase in fertility rate per day after a single Al was observed from d5 to d I I . In G I2, the fertility rate in the selected line was 9I % at d2, 94% at d3, 92% at days 3 and 4 then decreased to 81% at d8, 75% at d9, 58% at d I 0 and 42% at d I I . In contrast, the fertility rate in the control line showed an abrupt decrease from d4 (74%). The same tendencies were observed for the evolution of hatchability according to the egg set rates. It was concluded that selection for the number of fertile eggs after a single AI with pooled Muscovy semen could effectively increase the duration of the fertile period in ducks and that research should now be focused on ways to improve the viability of the hybrid mule duck embryo. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : canard; thaïlande

Thématique : Physiologie animale : reproduction; Génétique et amélioration des animaux

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