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Rhizosphere alkalisation, a major driver of copper bioavailability over a broad pH range in an acidic, copper-contaminated soil

Bravin M., Marti A.L., Clairotte M., Hinsinger P.. 2009. Plant and Soil, 318 (1-2) : p. 257-268.

The impact of a large rhizosphere alkalisation on copper (Cu) bioavailability to durum wheat (Triticum turgidum durum L.) initially exposed to a broad range of bulk soil pH (4.8-7.5) was studied. Plants were exposed to a Cu-contaminated soil treated with eight levels of lime (Ca(OH)2) and supplied with NO3 ? or NH4 +-NO3 ?. Nitrate-fed plants strongly increased their rhizosphere pH to about 6.9-7.6, whatever the initial pH. NH4 +-NO3 ?-fed plants slightly acidified their rhizosphere down to 3.9. Free Cu2+ concentration in the rhizosphere was 3 orders of magnitude larger for NH4 +-NO3 ? than NO3 ?fed plants. Consequently, Cu bioavailability was 2.4- to 4.2-fold larger for NH4 +?NO3 ?-fed plants which demonstrates the importance of rhizosphere alkalisation to restrict metal bioavailability in acidic soils. Copper bioavailability of NO3 ?-fed plants initially exposed to a broad range of bulk soil pH was insensitive to bulk soil pH, as rhizosphere pH was ultimately neutral in any case. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : cuivre; rhizosphère; alcalinisation; triticum turgidum; france

Thématique : Fertilité du sol; Chimie et physique du sol

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