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Architectural analysis of root system of sexually vs. vegetatively propagated yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir.), a tuber monocot

Charles-Dominique T., Mangenet T., Rey H., Jourdan C., Edelin C.. 2009. Plant and Soil, 317 (1-2) : p. 61-77.

Architectural descriptors were used to understand root system structure and development in white yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir., Dioscoreaceae), a tuber monocot. Observations were made on seedlings and plant derived from tuber fragments, cultivated in greenhouses over a developmental cycle. This study demonstrated that both seedlings and plants derived from tubers have two distinct root systems that are highly organized. The first (seminal or tubercular) has been called the temporary root system which is small and short lived. The architectural unit here is made up of two root axis categories. The second (adventitious in both cases) has been called the definitive root system. It is larger and has a far longer lifespan than temporary root systems. The architectural unit here is made up of three root axis categories. Adventitious root systems are formed by structural repetitions of their own architectural unit. The temporary and definitive root systems possess the same structural and functional properties and become established and succeed one another in time following an identical developmental sequence. Neo tuber development is coupled with the root system development. Our results highlight to what extent it is important to study simultaneously the different parts of a root system in order to understand its development. This study confirms how architectural tools can be used to understand root system structure and development and prove accurate informations on root system development for use in agricultural management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : dioscorea rotundata; bénin; france

Thématique : Anatomie et morphologie des plantes; Physiologie végétale : croissance et développement; Multiplication végétative des plantes

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