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Role of natural nanoparticles on the speciation of Ni in andosols of la Reunion

Levard C., Doelsch E., Rose J., Masion A., Basile-Doelsch I., Proux O., Hazemann J.L., Borschneck D., Bottero J.Y.. 2009. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73 (16) : p. 4750-4760.

Andosols on the island of Re´union have high nickel (Ni) concentrations due to the natural pedo-geochemical background. Enhanced knowledge of Ni speciation is necessary to predict the bioavailability and potential toxicity of this element. Ni speciation in these andosols, marked by the presence of high amounts of natural aluminosilicate nanoparticles, was investigated in two complementary systems: (i) In a soil sample-densimetric fractionation was first performed in order to separate the potential bearing phases, prior to Ni speciation characterization. (ii) In a synthetic sample-Ni reactivity with synthetic aluminosilicate nanoparticle analogs were studied. In both cases, Ni speciation was determined using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The results revealed that Ni had the same local environment in both systems (natural and synthetic systems), and Ni was chemically linked to natural short-range ordered aluminosilicates or analogs. This complex represented about 75% of the total Ni in the studied soil. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : sol arable; nickel; andosol; réunion; nanoparticule

Thématique : Chimie et physique du sol; Pollution

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