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Assessing optical earth observation systems for mapping and monitoring temporary ponds in arid areas

Soti V., Tran A., Bailly J.S., Puech C., Lo Seen D., Bégué A.. 2009. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 11 (5) : p. 344-351.

Remote sensing methods for locating and monitoring temporary ponds over large areas in arid lands were tested on a study site in Northern Senegal. Three main results are presented, validated with field data and intended to highlight different spectral, spatial and temporal characteristics of the methods: (1) Among several water indices tested, two Middle Infrared-based indices (MNDWI-Modified Normalized Difference Water Index and NDWI1-Normalized Difference Water Index) are found to be most efficient; (2) an objective method is given prescribing the necessary sensor spatial resolution in terms of minimal detected pond area; and (3) the potential of multi-temporal MODIS imagery for tracking the filling phases of small ponds is illustrated. These results should assist in epidemiological studies of vectorborne diseases that develop around these ponds, but also more generally for land and water management and preservation of threatened ecosystems in arid areas. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : cartographie; télédétection; zone aride; Étang; gestion des eaux; sénégal

Thématique : Méthodes de relevé; Géographie; Ressources en eau et leur gestion; Conservation de la nature et ressources foncières

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