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Near infrared spectroscopy for estimating wood basic density in Eucalyptus urophylla and Eucalyptus grandis

Gherardi Hein P.R., Maioli Campos A.C., Trugilho P.F., Tarcisio Lima J., Chaix G.. 2009. Revista Cerne, 15 (2) : p. 133-141.

Wood basic density is indicative of several other wood properties and is considered as a key feature for many industrial applications. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a fast, efficient technique that is capable of estimating that property. However, it should be improved in order to complement the often time-consuming and costly conventional method. Research on wood technological properties using near infrared spectroscopy has shown promising results. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of near infrared spectroscopy for estimating wood basic density in both Eucalyptus urophylla and Eucalyptus grandis. The coefficients of determination of the predictive models for cross validation ranged between 0.74 and 0.86 and the ratio performance of deviation (RPD) ranged between 1.9 and 2.7. The application of spectral filter, detection and removal of outlier samples, and selection of variables (wavelength) improved the adjustment of calibrations, thereby reducing the standard error of calibration (SEC) and cross validation (SECV) as well as increasing the coefficient of determination (R2) and the RPD value. The technique of near infrared spectroscopy can therefore, be used for predicting wood basic density in Eucalyptus urophylla and Eucalyptus grandis. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : efficacité d'utilisation; technique de prévision; spectroscopie infrarouge; densité; qualité; bois; eucalyptus urophylla; eucalyptus grandis; minas gerais

Thématique : Technologie des produits forestiers; Méthodes de relevé; Physiologie et biochimie végétales

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