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Remote sensing and avian influenza: a review of image processing methods for extracting key variables affecting avian influenza virus survival in water from Earth Observation satellites

Tran A., Goutard F., Chamaillé L., Baghdadi N., Lo Seen D.. 2010. ITC Journal, 12 (1) : p. 1-8.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2009.09.014

Recent studies have highlighted the potential role of water in the transmission of avian influenza (AI) viruses and the existence of often interacting variables that determine the survival rate of these viruses in water; the two main variables are temperature and salinity. Remote sensing has been used tomap andmonitor water bodies for several decades. In this paper, we review satellite image analysis methods used for water detection and characterization, focusing on the main variables that influence AI virus survival in water. Optical and radar imagery are useful for detecting water bodies at different spatial and temporal scales. Methods to monitor the temperature of large water surfaces are also available. Current methods for estimating other relevant water variables such as salinity, pH, turbidity and water depth are not presently considered to be effective.

Mots-clés : influenzavirus aviaire; télédétection

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