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Genetic and morphometric characterization of a local Vietnamese Swamp Buffalo population

Berthouly C., Rognon X., Nhu Van Thu, Berthouly A., Hoang Thanh Tiem, Bed'Hom B., Laloë D., Vu Chi Cuong, Verrier E., Maillard J.C.. 2010. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 127 (1) : p. 74-84.

The water buffalo plays a key role in the socio-economy of South-East Asia as it is the main draught power for paddy rice cultivation. While in the Indian subcontinent the water buffalo is the riverine type, in South- East Asia the majority of buffaloes are of the swamp type. In the poor remote northern province of Ha Giang in Vietnam, improvement of the swamp buffalo breed may be one of the best ways to increase sustainability of farming systems. Therefore, analysis of the genetic structure of the province buffalo population is a prerequisite to any conservation or improvement project. A total of 1122 animals were described for 11 body and horn measurements for morphometric characterization. From this sample set, 744 animals were genotyped for 17 microsatellite markers. Also 17 animals from southern provinces of Vietnam were genotyped as a comparative sample. The results showed that genetic diversity as well as inbreeding value in the Ha Giang was high. The FST values within the province and across Vietnam were low indicating that most of the population variation is explained by individual variability. Bayesian clustering analysis did not highlight the presence of subdivided populations. These results are useful for the implementation of a conservation and improvement strategy of the swamp buffalo in order to guarantee the householders' needs for sustainability of the farming system in the Ha Giang province. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : conformation animale; anatomie animale; phylogénie; polymorphisme génétique; microsatellite; marqueur génétique; variation génétique; distribution géographique; génétique des populations; buffle d'eau; viet nam

Thématique : Génétique et amélioration des animaux; Anatomie et morphologie des animaux

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