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To evaluate the multifunctionality of parkland systems in the buffer zone of the biosphere reserve of the W Park

Rouxel C., De Visscher M.N., Torquebiau E.. 2009. In : Book of abstracts of the 2nd World Congress of Agroforestry, 23-28 August 2009, Nairobi, Kenya : Agroforestry, the future of global land use. Nairobi : WCA [Nairobi], p. 462-462. World Congress of Agroforestry. 2, 2009-08-23/2009-08-28, Nairobi (Kenya).

The immediate periphery of the Park of W (Burkina-Faso, Niger and Benin) constitutes a space that has various stakeholder groups of permanent actors (farmers and managers of the protected area) or temporary actors (trans-human breeders and hunter tourists). For the farmers, it is about a space of food production, cash crops and land appropriation; it must play an agro-ecological role. For the other stakeholders it is: a sort of large corridor for the breeders¿ cattle; a tank of a specific fauna for the hunter; and a space for maintenance of landscape mosaic and biodiversity gradients on the interface of the protected area anthropogenic zone for the land managers. The parkland system is the principal mode of land utilization, or at least the one which influences the landscape structure the most In this, it is seen to be assigned a multifunctional role. The contribution of the parkland system to multipurpose agriculture and a multifunctional space will be analysed under three aspects: 1) an evaluation of the degree of satisfaction of expectations of the different actors; 2) a graphic modelling of the space-time organization of the agroforestry space-resources of the village territory; 3) other chorems which integrate the level of integration of the different uses on this territory. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés : gestion des ressources; réserve naturelle; mali; bénin; burkina faso; multifonctionnalité

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