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Multiplex nested PCR for detection of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii from onion seeds

Robène-Soustrade I., Legrand D., Gagnevin L., Chiroleu F., Laurent A., Pruvost O.. 2010. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76 (9) : p. 2697-2703.

DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02697-09

Bacterial blight of onion (BBO) is an emerging disease that is present in many onion-producing areas. The causal agent, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii, is seed transmitted. A reliable and sensitive diagnostic tool for testing seed health is needed. Detection of X. axonopodis pv. allii was achieved using a multiplex nested PCR assay developed using two randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) sequences corresponding to pilus assembly genes (pilW and pilX) and the avrRxv gene, respectively. The multiplex nested PCR was used with a large collection of X. axonopodis pv. allii strains pathogenic to onion and/or other Allium species isolated in different regions of the world. The internal primers used in the multiplex PCR assay directed amplification for all 86 X. axonopodis pv. allii strains tested, resulting in a 401-bp amplicon, a 444- to 447-bp amplicon, or both amplicons, depending on the strain. No amplification was obtained for 41 unrelated phytopathogenic bacteria and for 14 saprophytic bacteria commonly isolated.

Mots-clés : xanthomonas; pcr; allium cepa; réunion; france; xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii

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