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Inheritance and stability of pyrethroid resistance in the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Central Africa

Achaleke J., Brévault T.. 2010. Pest Management Science, 66 (3) : p. 137-141.

DOI: 10.1002/ps.1843

BACKGROUND:The cotton bollworm Helicoverpaarmigera (Hübner) hasdeveloped esterase-mediated resistance topyrethroids in Central Africa. To gain a better understanding of how quickly this resistance can evolve, its genetic basis and stability were examined in a field-derived strain of H. armigera (474-fold resistant to cypermethrin). RESULTS: Genetic crosses between susceptible, resistant and F1 hybrids indicated that resistance was inherited as a dominant trait (DLD = 0.86) and conferred by a single autosomal gene. The dominance of resistance decreased as the cypermethrin dose increased, so that resistance was incompletely dominant (DML = 0.73) at the highest dose tested. Resistance (DL50) of the F1 hybrid progeny significantly decreased over five generations in the absence of pyrethroid exposure. CONCLUSION: Rapid selection of resistance alleles due to dominance supports the ability of H. armigera to develop resistance to pyrethroids in Central Africa. However, associated fitness costs provide useful information for managing the evolution of resistance.

Mots-clés : helicoverpa armigera; cyperméthrine; solanum lycopersicum; gossypium; afrique centrale; cameroun; bénin; côte d'ivoire; pyréthroïde

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