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Genetic and pathological diversity among Xanthomonas strains responsible for bacterial spot on tomato and pepper in the Southwest Indian Ocean Region

Hamza A.A., Robène-Soustrade I., Jouen E., Gagnevin L., Lefeuvre P., Chiroleu F., Pruvost O.. 2010. Plant Disease, 94 (8) : p. 993-999.

DOI: 10.1094/PDIS-94-8-0993

Bacterial spot of tomato and pepper, a major problem in tropical climates, can be caused by several Xanthomonas genospecies. We examined the genetic and pathological diversity of a collection of 72 strains from the southwest Indian Ocean region as part of a regional research and development program to update inventories of agricultural pests and pathogens. Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, X. perforans, X. gardneri, and X. vesicatoria were identified in our strain collection. The identification of strains at the species level was consistently achieved by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). Overall, X. euvesicatoria was the species recovered prevalently. MLSA data based on four housekeeping genes identified two to three sequence types per genospecies. It suggested that sequence variations primarily consisted of synonymous mutations, although a recombination event spanning several hundred nucleotides was detected for some strains of X. euvesicatoria on the atpD gene coding for the F1-F0-ATPase â subunit. The pathogenicity of strains was consistent with data found in the literature. Some pathological variations were primarily observed among strains identified as X. euvesicatoria. This study provides the first ever comprehensive description of the status of Xanthomonas species that cause bacterial spot of tomato and pepper in the southwest.

Mots-clés : xanthomonas; solanum lycopersicum; capsicum annuum; raphanus sativus; variation génétique; pouvoir pathogène; océan indien sud; xanthomonas perforans; xanthomonas euvesicatoria; xanthomonas gardneri; xanthomonas vesicatoria

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