Publications des agents du Cirad


Physico-chemical indicators of inter-specific variability in vibration damping of wood

Brémaud I., Minato K., Langbour P., Thibaut B.. 2010. Annals of Forest Science, 67 (7) : 8 p..

The vibration damping coefficient (tan?) of wood is an important property for acoustical uses, including musical instruments. Current difficulties in the availability of some of the preferred species call for diversification, but this comes up against the lack of systematic damping coefficient data. Keeping in mind the possible factors affecting tan?, could we predict its variations between species, by using indicators that are either easily measured and/or readily available for many species? Vibrational properties, equilibrium moisture content and colorimetric parameters were assessed on 94 wood types belonging to 76 species. Experimental results were then related to data on chemical contents and physical properties from the CIRAD database. The "standard" relationship between tan? and specific modulus of elasticity (E'/?) explained only half of the variations. Deviations from this trend were correlated to extractives content, yet effects were not directly quantitative. Damping deviations were also correlated to colour and moisture-related properties, especially so with fibre saturation point. By taking into account a combination of moisture-related properties, colour - or extractives content, and the "standard" relationship between tan? and E'/?, we could propose simple predictive models which explain up to 89% of observed variations in tan? between 48 species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : technique analytique; vibration; propriété physicochimique; propriété acoustique; bois

Thématique : Technologie des produits forestiers; Méthodes de relevé

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