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New protective battle-dress impregnated against mosquito vector bites

Pennetier C., Chabi J., Martin T., Chandre F., Rogier C., Hougard J.M., Pages F.. 2010. Parasites and Vectors, 3 (81) : 7 p..

Background: Mixing repellent and organophosphate (OP) insecticides to better control pyrethroid resistant mosquito vectors is a promising strategy developed for bed net impregnation. Here, we investigated the opportunity to adapt this strategy to personal protection in the form of impregnated clothes. Methods: We compared standard permethrin impregnated uniforms with uniforms manually impregnated with the repellent KBR3023 alone and in combination with an organophosphate, Pirimiphos-Methyl (PM). Tests were carried out with Aedes aegypti, the dengue fever vector, at dusk in experimental huts. Results: Results showed that the personal protection provided by repellent KBR3023-impregnated uniforms is equal to permethrin treated uniforms and that KBR3023/PM-impregnated uniforms are more protective. Conclusion: The use of repellents alone or combined with OP on clothes could be promising for personal protection of military troops and travellers if residual activity of the repellents is extended and safety is verified. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés : virose; maladie de l'homme; perméthrine; insecticide; lutte chimique; méthode de lutte; lutte anti-insecte; risque professionnel; vêtement de protection; vecteur de maladie; aedes aegypti; bénin; virus de la dengue

Thématique : Autres thèmes; Maladies des animaux; Maladies et risques professionnelles

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